The Birth of World Wide Web

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We often come across the words of Android Developers India, or php developers and more. However, the Android Developers India is currently on the move. Apart from the Android Developers India, let’s talk about the father of all software and developers, i.e. the World Wide Web. In March 1989, while at CERN, Sir Tim Berners-Lee wrote “Information Management: A Proposal” outlining the World Wide Web. 30 years ago, Tim’s memo was about to revolutionize communication around the globe. At CERN in March 1989, 33-year-old English computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee, proposed an idea for a free, universal ‘information space’ for knowledge sharing.

 

In the 1970s, US Department of Defense experts had already designed ways to connect computers, and break data into packets – sending them over different pathways and joining them at the receiving end – using rules called transfer protocols (TCP/IP). Scientists in their thousands would generate information using different types of computers, languages, and formats. Their computers could connect across the Internet, but communication was tough, and data transfer complex and frustrating.

 

In 1965, Ted Nelson described the concept of hypertext in his book, Literary Machines. This new, nonlinear format for publishing text would allow readers to follow hyperlinks and explore linked documents. It outlined the principal concepts and defined important terms behind the web. In May 1990, Tim got approval to buy a Next computer, with advanced features and powerful programming tools. On it, he wrote the basic software for the World Wide Web. By October 1990, Tim had made the 3 key components of the World Wide Web:

 

  1. URL (uniform resource locator):-

a system for locating documents

  1. HTTP (hypertext transfer protocol):-

a way of transferring data between computers

  1. HTML (hypertext markup language):-

Formatting for pages with links

On 30 April 1993, CERN’s management signed a document allowing anybody to use the Web software, without royalties or other constraints. By December 1990, the ‘web server’ software was ready. It held web pages on a portion of the NeXT computer, and let others access them. Committed to core values of an open Web that promotes innovation, neutrality, and interoperability, standards for the Web, ensuring the building blocks of the web are open, accessible, secure, and international.

Benefits of the “WWW“ :-

  1. Universal, International and truly “World Wide”.
  2. Available on any device, for any type of information, in any language.
  3. Accessible by people with disabilities.
  4. Royalty-free and built on open standards.
  5. Powerful – The Open Web Platform makes Web pages themselves powerful tools.
  6. Transformational for how business gets done; improving delivery, enhancing user satisfaction, and reducing cost.

 

 

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